Animal Husbandry, Fisheries and Veterinary Services sector has been a priority area for the Government in the last 22 years from the year 1995 to 2016. During this period due to the pro-poor and pro-farmer policies of the government, significant milestones have been achieved in terms of development of infrastructure, strengthening of man-power in the department and in the self sufficiency in the livestock products. Today, Sikkim can boast of best of infrastructure in the poultry, dairy and other sectors and is close to self sufficiency in the broiler meat and milk sector. More than Rs. 15.00 crores per annum is transferred to the poultry farmers of Sikkim through broiler production by organized sector only. Whereas, open market sale is still not assessed. Similarly, in the dairy sector Cross Breeding Programme carried out by the Department over the last two decades have resulted in significant improvement in milk production and today in the organized sector like Sikkim Milk Union, North Dairy milk Union and Sikkim Dairy Pvt Ltd. are processing around 40,000 litres of milk per day resulting in direct transfer of more than Rs. 39 crores to our dairy farmers annually whereas, in unorganized sectors, sixty percent (60%) of the milk is sold through the open market . Progress made in the various fields in the Animal Husbandry sectors are as under :-


Since the inception of the present government under the dynamic leadership of Honorable Chief Minister a paradigm shift in the process of development has taken place. Livestock farmers were targeted to participate in the process of development for their sustainability and rural prosperity. Among the development programmes, animal husbandry sectors with particular reference to dairy was given optimum priority. This leadership ushering a new era of development has brought about phenomenal achievement in Dairy Development sector. Accordingly, activities like capacity building, cattle induction, fodder development, entrepreneurship development for establishment of dairy farm were the main thrust of the development. The dairy development in the state in the three districts of Sikkim viz east, west and south have been implemented through Sikkim Milk Union and in the north district through North District Milk Union.

Sikkim Milk Union

The primary aim of the Sikkim Milk Union is to provide remunerative market for milk producers in the far-flung remote villages and make hygienic milk and milk products available to the urban consumers at reasonable rates thereby achieving the following objectives.

  • Stabilize price of milk by connecting areas of surplus milk to the milk-deficient towns and cities.
  • Uplift the socio-economic condition of the rural poor by increasing their income through sale of their milk.
  • Enhance milk production of milch animals by providing technical inputs such as balanced milch ration, fodder seeds, fodder saplings thus helping to increase the income of the farmers.
  • Enhance milk yield of the milch cattle of the farmers by improving their genetic potential through artificial insemination and by providing pedigree bulls for natural service.
  • Provide year-round assured market for the milk of the farmers unlike other agricultural produce.
  • Provide rural employment both as dairy farmers and as employees of the Milk Producers Cooperative Society (MPCS) as secretary/tester/helper.

Significant Achievements of Sikkim Milk Union Since Inception (1980)

  • The Sikkim Co-operative Milk Producers Union Ltd, the Apex Milk Cooperative of the state has successfully completed 36 years of operations in cooperative principles.
  • The procurement of Milk has grown from the level of 2000 Liters per day in the year 1980 to the present level of 33000 liters per day. Accordingly market has also grown up

    In the last two decades growth in the activities of Sikkim Milk Union can be seen below.

    Year Liquid Milk in 000 kgs Butter Paneer Chhurpi Curd Cream
    00 - 01 2690 10570 2895 2072 412 206
    01 - 02 3183 10320 5104 5166 459 921
    02 - 03 3234 6357 3323 6315   9113
    03 - 04 3184 9021 7568 3717 33865 14355
    04 - 05 2561 8082 4196 1009 13989 11243
    05 - 06 3068 17179 8686 5000 938 616
    06 - 07 3612 19067 12988 4348 21739 536
    07 - 08 3474 15399 12488 3154 26702 440
    08 - 09 4056 12279 15948 4900 49400 198
    09 - 10 4947 10945 16005 3846 59615 281
    10 - 11 6051 13716 7382 4826 71445 130
    11 - 12 7561 11959 10732 4979 120413 67
    12 - 13 8702 10792 8784 5405 199068 113
    13 - 14 9561 15161 15,158 7311 209855 109
    14 - 15 10289 18442 23190 9765 326007 97
    15 - 16 11462 20539 29776 11117 354385 96
  • The processing capacity has gone from the 5000 LPD to the present level of 20000 LPD.
  • The number of village Milk Producers Cooperative Societies has gone up from 51 (in the year 1980) to the present level of 287 village Milk cooperative societies. Details of increase in milk cooperative societies in the last two decades are given below.
    Year No. of Society Organised Producer member Total Procurement
    2000 - 01 172 5,500 2,665,731
    2001 - 02 173 5,788 3,233,383
    2002 - 03 173 6,537 3,106,201
    2003 - 04 173 6,537 3,319,011
    2004 - 05 187 6,561 2,674,040
    2005 - 06 227 7,176 3,171,366
    2006 - 07 232 7,597 3,793,069
    2007 - 08 248 7,637 3,607,455
    2008 - 09 270 8,430 4,288,320
    2009 - 10 287 9,562 4,139,217
    2010 - 11 291 9,256 4,334,000
    2011 - 12 303 9,758 4,572,000
    2012 - 13 308 9,864 4,551,000
    2013 - 14 357 10,205 5,296,000
    2014 - 15 296 8,933 5,980,000
    2015 - 16 405 13,237 9,721,000

  • Accordingly milk collection centers have increased significantly. The members pouring milk to the union has grown up from 2000 in the year 1980 to the current levels of about 13237 members.

    Farmers reaching milk at the collection centre
  • The Sikkim Milk Union has managed to earn profit since its inception. The bonus to the societies in the form of price difference is being distributed to the dairy farmers every year since achievement of profit.
  • In Sikkim for the first time, the Sikkim Milk Union represented a place in a National Level Body and became one of the Board of Directors of National Cooperative Dairy Federation of India (NCDFI) for a period of three years from 2008-09.
  • Milk price to the farmers is offered at very competitive rates. The milk price provided to the farmers is one of the highest in the country on fat and SNF basis.
  • Employee Gratuity Fund has been subscribed with the LIC to provide confidence among the employees and to avoid liabilities of the Union on this.
  • The Sikkim Milk Union has also been catering to the need of milk managed for Defense establishments since 2008 including the units in Algara, Kalimpong, in west Bengal .
    The Sikkim Milk Union has now diversified its products to meet consumer’s requirements. Presently, Paneer, butter, chhurpi, Lassi, curd, cream are produced in addition to three varieties of liquid milk and introduced Ice cream, Flavoured Milk since the year 2009-10.
  • Asian Productivity Organization head quartered in Japan selected Sikkim Milk Union to develop into a Demonstration Companies in the year 2010.









1. 2009 -10 10944.5 16004.7 3846 7597.2 245.9 51771.5 26.7
2. 2010 - 11 13716 7382.12 4826 929.2 --- 70516 130.5
3. 2011 - 12 11959.5 10732.3 4979.4 --- 2234.92 118178.5 67.25
4. 2012 - 13 10792.5 8784.3 5405.5 --- --- 199068.8 113
5. 2013 - 14 15161 15,157.8 7311 --- --- 209854.6 109
6. 2014 - 15 18442 23190.1 9765 --- --- 326007 97.25
7. 2015 - 16 20539.5 29776.4 11117.50 --- --- 354385.5 95.8

II. North District Milk Union

Dairy Development Programme Dairying Programme of North District are as follows :-

In fact till 1994-95 north district was devoid of Dairy Development Programme. However, under the visionary leadership of the present government having realized the need of dairy development in such a remote tribal district initiated Dairy Development Programme. Therefore, Dairy Development Programme in North commenced w.e.f. 1996-97. Prior to this, the department implemented Dairy Development Programme in most primitive way by boiling the milk in can with firewood & cooling by natural tap water due to non availability of technical support/facilities. After 1996-97 one (1) TLPD capacity microtherm Unit having 900 LPH (litre per hour) capacity milk processing plant was established at Mangan during 1998. The Plant was inaugurated by Hon’ble Chief Minister of Sikkim Shri. Pawan Chamling. Similarly one (1) TLPD capacity IMCU (BMC) Milk Chilling Plant was established in Kabi during 1999-2000 and 0.5 TLPD BMC Milk Chilling Plant was established at lower Dzongu (Phidang). Further, 0.5 TLPD BMC milk chilling plant was established at Upper Dzongu (Mentam) and one (1) (2TLPD) capacity milk processing plant was established at Chungthang. At present more than 4500 LPD milk is processed in the plant .

  • 1. All Dairy infrastructures created in North have started reaching benefits to the tribal milk producers of North district.
  • 2. After a hardship of 14 yrs the department was successful in creating North District Milk Producers Cooperative Union Ltd. on 27.3.2008.


Growth of North Dairy Milk Union

The growth trend clearly demonstrates the efforts of the Department in this sector by intensive cattle breeding, induction of cross bred cows through various schemes and capacity building of dairy farmers.

The following graphs depicts significant growth trend in milk procurement and marketing.

Growth in Milk Procurement

Growth in Milk Marketing


Sikkim Dairy Products Pvt. Ltd. (SDPPL) was formed in 1996 and registered under Sikkim Companies Act, 1961. Primarily, it is a farmer based developmental company initiated and promoted by the Indo Swiss Project Sikkim (ISPS) and Government of Sikkim (GOS) in order to help small and marginal dairy farmers of Dentam area.

The main objectives of the SDPPL, therefore, are to create a regular market for the surplus milk available in Dentam area, to support farmers in Clean Milk Production, and to improve the socio-economic condition of the farmers by providing them better returns of their milk.


Naturally Ripened Gouda Cheese

Initially the project began with just two milk cooperative societies 150 members and collection of only 400 litres of milk per day and over the years the same has been increased and at present, it collects milk regularly from around 600 farmers through ten Milk Producers Cooperative Societies (MPCS). The farmers are regularly supported in improving milk production through Clean Milk Production Activities and Artificial Insemination (AI) Programme.

Initially the Company launched the product under brand name of ‘Alpine Cheese’ in Sikkim and other selected metropolitan cities of India. However, owing to marketing difficulties, in 2002, company outsourced its marketing tie up with the Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd. (GCMMF) to enhance the marketing network of the product. Since then GCMMF is marketing gouda cheese outside Sikkim under the brand name of ‘Amul Gouda Cheese’.

Furthermore, in 2005, company diversified its product range by producing Cheese Spread and Frozen Diced Paneer for which there exists a large market in the country. Cheese plant is certified for codex based HACCP food safety system (i.e Hazard Analysis and Critical control Point System)

Over the years, production and sales of cheese has increased gradually from 10.5 ton during 1999-00 to around 35.0 ton in 2015-16. This reflects the positive trend in cheese production and marketing. Company has now attained the Cash Break Even Point.


Alpine cheese manufactured in Cheese Plant at Dentam, West Sikkim


In order to augment the milk production of the state and to uplift the economic condition of the rural masses the government launched several missions like Dairy mission, Livestock self sufficiency mission etc. Capacity building and distribution of milch cows in cluster based approach were given the prime importance. The following table depicts the induction of high yielding milching cows in all the district of the states and the resultant impact of the same can also been seen in correlation with the increase of milk production and marketing in the state.

Sl No. Year No. of Milch Cow Distributed No. of Benificiaries
1 1994-1995 679 NOS. 679 NOS.
2 2007-2008 232 NOS. 232 NOS.
3 2008-2009 354 NOS. 354 NOS.
4 2009-2010 686 NOS. 686 NOS.
5 2010-2011 449 NOS. 449 NOS.
6 2011-2012 433 NOS. 433 NOS.
7 2014-2015 242 NOS. 242 NOS

However, there had been parallel distribution of milching cows by different departments like Forest, Environment and Wildlife Management, Social Justice and Welfare and Zilla Parishads which are not accounted and shown in the given table.

V. Establishment of Modern Mother Dairy Farm At Karfectar In South Sikkim

To modernize the dairy sector, State Government has set up of a model mother dairy farm at Karfectar, South Sikkim, the foundation stone of which was laid by Hon’ble Chief Minister on 10th Dec’ 2009. The farm has been established with an objective to act as ready demonstration unit of a modern dairy farm and to produce high yielding heifer for farmers distribution. Practical hands on training for in-service departmental officials as well as progressive dairy farmers are been carried out.


Hon'ble Chief Minister, Dr. Pawan Chamling laying the foundation of Mother Dairy Farm, Karfectar, South Sikkim

To encourage farmers to take up the dairy activities on a large commercial scale, intensive trainings are provided to the farmers at National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana. Further, farmers have been provided bucket type milking machines so that they are encouraged to adopt modern dairy practices.

VI. Dairy Mission 2009-2012

On the occasion of 15th August 2009, a landmark initiative was taken by Government of Sikkim when Hon’ble Chief Minister launched Dairy Mission for Sikkim for the year 2009-2012. The mission has very clear objectives that to achieve per capita milk availability at par with the developed countries and to meet the complete nutritional requirement for future generations within the mission period. At present total milk production in Sikkim is 55000 MT per annum and milk procurement and processing in the organized sector is 30000-40000 litre per day which is sufficient to meet the requirement of the state. As per the dairy mission, Sikkim has set a target to maintain the same rate of growth and the target is set to process at least 40,000 litres in milk unions and other organized sectors by the year 2015. As envisaged the target has been fulfilled, as of now total milk being processed in organized sector is approx. 43000 litres per day. However, not adhering to its complacency and in view of Hon’ble Chief Minister’s vision to make the farmers self reliant, the Department still intends to forge ahead in increasing the milk production by adopting the following strategies

  • By introducing at least additional 2400 High Yielding Crossbred Cows in the rural areas for rearing and for enhancing milk production within mission period.
  • Strengthening the existing Apex Milk Cooperatives such as the Sikkim Cooperative Milk Producers Union Ltd and North Sikkim Cooperative Milk Union Ltd to cope up with the increasing production levels and marketing requirements. Milk processing capacity to be increased from 15 thousand lt per day at present to 30 thousand litre per day.
  • Promoting value addition to milk and milk products by branding the milk and milk products as Sikkim Organic and also making it available outside the state and country. Products like Ice cream, flavoured milk, cheese, paneer and sweetened milk products will be introduced to increase the marketing capacity and profitability of the milk unions. In this, Sikkim Co-operative Milk Producers Union Ltd in Tadong will play the lead role.
  • Strengthening the breeding facilities such as Artificial Insemination and Breeding bull availability and establishment of Bull Mother Farm in the state. Total no. of Artificial Insemination centre in the state will be increased from 140 at present to 250 within the mission period.
  • Strengthening the stockman centers and Veterinary Hospitals to provide health and reproductive care to the dairy cows in the state.
  • Progressive dairy entrepreneurs will be facilitated for financial tie up with NABARD and SISCO bank with reasonable interest rate loans. At least 100 commercial dairy farms will be opened in the private sector by unemployed youths, each of which will be having 20-50 cows under milking.
  • Massive extension and training programs will be organized for capacity building of dairy farmers to take up the dairy farming as business enterprise rather than a subsidiary activity. At least 3000 dairy farmers will be provided training within and outside the state.
  • Providing support to the dairy farmers for practicing clean milk production methodologies in the form of SS milk cans, other milking utensils, detergents, sieve, etc at subsidized cost.
  • Promotion of cultivation of feed and fodder using the High yielding varieties of feed and fodder crops. Further, facilitating feeding of balanced and Milch ration to the dairy cows by setting up feed plant in Sikkim in public/private sector.
  • To provide comprehensive health coverage to the dairy cows at subsidized cost, providing health management medicines such as mineral mixture, de-worming, vaccination at free of cost and providing dairy cow insurance at a very low cost.
  • A modern state of the art dairy farm is set up at karfector with automatic milk parlour with carrying capacity of 100 cows. This dairy farm would act as a demonstration farm and would encourage our farmers to take up commercial dairy farming with latest technique.

The correlation between the induction of milch cows and the procurement of milk by Sikkim Milk alone depicts a positive relationship. This could be attributed to intensive cattle breeding activities compounded by induction of cows from outside the State.


Hon’ble Chief Minister along with other Ministers handing over the milch cows to a beneficiary in North Sikkim .

Breeding Programme from 1994 To 2016

The Breeding Cell is the hub of Cattle Breeding activity of the state by means of Natural Service (use of breeding bulls) and by the Artificial Insemination (Artificially Inseminating a cow for pregnancy). These activities are now exclusively carried out in cattle and buffalo in the state resulting to high milk production and there are other accouterments associated in these activities which enable the farmers with the high milk production and ultimately economically sound.

The A.I Center of Deorali Veterinary Complex was renamed/notified as Breeding Cell in the year 1995 and the job and responsibilities were defined with a proper organizational set up with arrangement of manpower for carrying out appropriate cattle breeding programme in the state. A breeding working Manual was designed and circulated and also a Breeding Policy for the state was reframed. The Breeding Cell was strengthened with proper system for monitoring and maintenance of records.


The Breeding Cell has been systematically carrying out multifarious activities in relation to cattle and buffalo breeding since 1995 and as of now has brought about a significant change in the state’s productivity and the economic status of the poor and marginal farmers. The breeding activity bolsters the programme in various dimensions viz;

Artificial Insemination: The Breeding Cell has now 150 functional A.I Centers both including Private and Veterinary Institutional Centers compared to 13 AI centers during the year 1994-95. All these Centers are distributed throughout the state. Regular Input supply like frozen semen straw, A.I sheath and liquid nitrogen are supplied at regular intervals of 21 to 22 days to all these Centers by the Supply Crew. The cell has streamlined the bulk storage and supply of Liquid Nitrogen for the storage of Frozen Semen and is procured from industries as byproducts of oxygen plants. The Regular reporting system is designed & established and the data is recorded in the Breeding Cell. The Board has entered into Memorandum of Understanding with Paschim Banga Go Sampad Bikash Sanstha for production of pure Siri breed Frozen Semen and crossbred frozen semen . Accordingly, six numbers of pure Siri bulls and six numbers of crossbred bulls have already been stationed at semen station and production of frozen semen have already started. Frozen semen of pure Jersey / HF are regularly procured from breeding organizations like BAIF, Pune, Animal Breeding Centre , Salon and Sabarmati Ashram Gaushala, Bidaj

The private A.I workers are provided with all the essential inputs by the SLDB. They substantiate their livelihood by earning from the services they provide to the farmers (i.e performing A.I) at the farmer’s doorsteps. Most of the Private A.I workers charge Rs.250-300 per A.I and some of them charge Rs. 500 to 600 depending on the decision taken by the Gram Sabha. This has led to increase in number of high yielding verities of heifers and cows in a cluster form of villages. Most of the Veterinary Institutions also have trained A.I workers who perform A.I on the charges of Rs.20/- per A.I which comes as revenue to the Department.

When we see the scenario of the state before 1994 Artificial Insemination was not popularized among the farmers. AI in cattle was taken as a high risk technology and the farmers were not at all aware of this technology. However, with the stress on practical training and constant monitoring of the AI workers there was significant improvement and rise in success rate thereby farmers started demanding more and more AI centres in their premises and today AI has become most accepted technology in terms of Animal Breeding

Natural Service : If we compare then and now, at present Natural Service to the Cattle population is performed by good and superior Breeding Bulls which are pedigreed. Earlier farmers used un-pedigreed bulls for natural service. Since 1995 onwards the Breeding Cell for natural service uses Breeding Bulls of high quality and these are either purchased from outside the state or produced within the state under the technical programmes of ;

  • Intensive Cattle Breeding Area (ICBA) at Dentam, Central Pandam, Rumtek and now Assam Linzey.
  • Short Term Area of Bull Procurement Area (STA): Gangtok & Surrounding.
  • Purchase of bulls from outside State: Anand, Orissa etc.

The Department provides pedigreed Breeding Bulls to the Panchayat level and Institution for up-gradation of local cattle population, in areas where the department does not possess A.I Centers. The breeding programme is carried out as per the breeding Policy of the state where importance has been provided to the Jersey Breed which has a better adaptability in this climatic condition.

The bull calves procured from different sources (ICBA+STA) are reared in the Cross- bred Sire evaluation cum rearing Unit, Tokal Bremoik, up to the age of 24 months. This newly established Cross- bred Sire evaluation cum rearing center, Tokal Bermiok has the provision to rear around 40-50 heads of animals on consistent basis at a given time. When the bulls attain an age group of two years plus, they are allotted to the different villages and Panchayat levels as per the demand made by the farmers. The bulls are reared at the bull rearing unit, bought and purchased from three different focus area;

  • Intensive Cattle Breeding Area (ICBA) at Dentam, Central Pendam, and Rumtek.
  • Short Term Area of Bull Procurement Area (STA): Gangtok & Surrounding areas.
  • Purchase of good quality bulls from outside the State from places like Orissa and Anand.

Since 1995 onwards, the Breeding Cell have allotted about 132 breeding bulls out of which almost 50 are pure bred and the rest cross-bred bulls in the village panchayat areas and Veterinary Institutions in different districts. These bulls in the village Panchayats are reared by the Bull Keepers identified by the Panchayat who also are trained regularly to report monthly. These bulls are monthly monitored by the nearest Veterinary Institutions who report monthly. These areas are called the ONSA (Organized Natural Service areas).

The service rendered by these bulls in the different villages and panchayats in the year have resulted in quality cattle breed. Few focus area and activities that have been meticulously taken care of are;

  • Intensive Cattle Breeding Area (ICBA) at two centers were initiated at Dentam and later in the year 1998 at Central Pendam and Rumtek and now Assam Linzey.
  • Establishment and shifting of Cross- Bred Sire evaluation cum rearing Unit at Tokal Bermoik.
  • Management of Natural Service Area (ONSA)
  • Establishment of Artificial Insémination Centres in both private and Veterinary Institutions. The state now possesses 127 Artificial Insemination Centers with increased performance every year.
  • In line with the breeding policy of the state, it is decided that the nondescript/ indigenous cows are to be inseminated with pure Jersey frozen semen while crossbreds are to be inseminated with crossbred Jersey frozen semen. A proper Monitoring and record keeping are maintained by the Centers and the Breeding Cell. A.I is mainly carried out at the farmers door steps.
  • The Breeding Cell could also establish a semen Bank where a consistent procurement of Frozen Semen were outsourced from different parts of India of different breeds keeping the in-breeding in mind. The Breeding Cell also established a consistent purchase of Liquid Nitrogen for freezing the semen from Areas like Bhutan and West Bengal which is now a routinely performed.
  • The Breeding Cell also formed a supply crew headed by an Inspector level officer, who is responsible for supply of Artificial Input to all the centers. This supply crew visits all the Artificial Insemination Centers of the state every 21 days and supplies the required inputs to these centers. The supply crew is allotted with a Utility Vehicle and is provided with sufficient fuel for performing these supply jobs. They are also responsible for collection of reports from all the A.I centers thereby systematizing the data recording system.
  • The Breeding Cell also identifies educated unemployed youths from different locations of the state and thereby trains these youths to become a Private A.I workers are provided with free inputs regularly and once they become well experienced , they carry out the work by charging for the service they provide. The state now has a total of 127 A.I Centers and out of which 97 are private A.I workers.

Livestock Insurance Scheme : The Department initiated a new and innovative programme under the Common Minimum Programme of the Government of India where cows and buffalo are insured and the farmers are benefitted during the time of difficulties when animals succumb to disease/ accident/ natural calamities. The insurance of Livestock is covered by paying a 50% premium share from the farmers and 50 % by the Department. Till date a total of 13637 of cattle and buffalos are covered under this scheme and now 2000 farmers have benefitted from this scheme. A total of almost 20% of the breedable cattle is covered under this scheme.

Training : Training of Private and Departmental Artificial Inseminators are carried out in regular basis as per the curriculum and Training Calendar. Fresh AI Training last for 45 days to 55 days and regular Refresher’s Training are imparted lasting for 3 days each depending on batches. In addition, Training of Bull Keepers on reporting and management system are also being carried out since 1995 onwards.

Total No of Artificial Insemination and Natural Service in the year 2012-13,2013-14, 2014-15 and 2015-16

Calf Birth through A.I and NS in the year 2011-2012,2012-2013, 2013- 2014, 2014-2015, and 2015-2016


Training being imparted to private A.I. workers by the Departmental staff.


Cross Bred and Jersey Bulls In The Unit

The Breeding Cell had calculated the Milk production per cow per lactation (corrected to 3rd lactation) during the year 1998 at the ICBA Dentam Center and the result was 3.90 approx per liter per cow per lactation. The same was calculated in the year 2008-09 and the approx per liter per cow per lactation yield has come up to 6.5 liters.

The National Project on Cattle and Buffalo Breeding (NPCBB) project was initiated in the year 2000 to strengthen the artificial network under which the establishment of a New Training Centre for A.I was constructed.

Since 1996 onwards the Breeding Cell also has been organizing Calf Rallies and Fertility camps almost every year. Annually 10 Camps are held is different panchayat location to address the fertility problems of the Department and exhibit good calves for motivating the other farmers in the locality for using quality bulls and A.I.

Feed and Fodder

Feed and Fodder alone constitute 60 -70 percent of the cost of production of the various livestock produces In order to meet the requirement and availability of green and dry fodder, two fodder seed farms namely at Rabongla and Karfectar both located in South Sikkim have been established for the production of fodder seeds and planting materials. The important fodder species namely hybrid Napier, rooted slips, coimbater 172 along with guinea, signal grass, green leaf, disodium etc. have been multiplied and distributed to the progressive farmers from Karfectar Farm. Similarly a number of temperate grass and leguminous fodder species have been propagated viz. rye grass, clover etc. have been multiplied and distributed to the progressive farmers. Fodder preservation for making hay and silage and 20 metric tones of hay from the above Farms. Side by side the important fodder species were planted for demonstration purposes in the respective district Veterinary Hospital, Dispensaries and Stockman Centres.

In this regard propagation of fodder at the identified farm of the department have been top priority. Since the year 1995 the department has developed these fodder farms. In these fodder farms department has introduced nutritionally high quality, succulent and high yielding exotic fodder such as hybrid Napier para grass cow-pea, guinea grass etc in the following fodder farms in the State.

  • Karfectar farm
  • Nandugaon farm
  • Dodak farm
  • Upper sombaria
  • Mangalbarey
  • Chujachen
  • Rorathang

A part from these composite farms, various types of fodder in our Veterinary Institutions are also being cultivated . From these farms the department has been continuously distributing seedlings, saplings and cutting to the farmers for fodder development in their own fields. As such,the fodder production and availability in the State has significantly increased. Owing to the fodder plantation and conservations undertaken by the Department the state so far has not faced any fodder crisis.

Fodder Development activities under the component of Grassland Development 100% CSS undertaken during 2011-12
Sl No. Districts. No. of Benificiaries. Incentive Distributed
(Rs. in Lakh)
1. East 400 20.00
2. West 400 20.00
3. South 400. 20.00
4. North 200 10.00
  Total 1400 farmers 70.00

Fodder Development activities under the component of Grassland Development 100% CSS undertaken durng 2013-14
Sl No. Districts. No. of Benificiaries. Incentive Distributed
(Rs. in Lakh)
1. East 300 10.00
2. West 300 10.00
3. South 300. 10.00
4. North 200 15.00
  Total 1100 farmers 55.00

Fodder Development activities under the component of Fodder seed procurement and distribution programme 75:25% under National Livestock Mission 2015-16
Sl No. Districts. No. of beneficiaries availed benefits Oat seed allotted in kgs
1. East 380 7220
2. West 120 2280
3. South 100. 1900
4. North 80 1520
  Total 680 farmers 12920


In order to combat the green fodder deficit during prolong dry winter period, the department provided nutritious fodder seeds like 10 MT of Oat seed and 2 MT of Maize seeds, under the fodder seed distribution program.

This programme is gaining popularity amongst the farmers as the fodder itself is very nutritive for higher milk yield. The farmers were encouraged to spare the third cuttings from the oats cultivation for the production of the seed by themselves so that they may achieve self-sufficiency in the oats seed requirement by themselves. They were also motivated to increase the area under cultivation of winter fodder like oat seeds and maize to meet increasing demand of fodder.

Cultivation of Oats and Maize crops at farmers fields

Sl No. Type of Fodder Saplings/Slips distributed No. Of Saplings/Slips distributed Total nos. of beneficiaries availed benefits
East West North South East West North South
a. Hybrid Napier 85962 85900 45962 125962 500 500 200 500
b. Guinea grass   112750   112750   50   50
c. Amliso     10,000       10  
d.. Signal grass 27,125 27,125 27,125 27,125 20 20 20  
e. Hamel grass 23730 23730   23730 15 15   15
f. Desmodium   250   250   5   5

Nutritional Laboratory :

Department had established a nutritional laboratory for chemical analysis of local fodder. Data on chemical composition of our local fodder is now available. To meet the fodder requirement in winter season, the department has been distributing high quality fodder seeds such as oat, maize, cow-pea, sorghum. Mostly farmers are preferring oat seed which is highly palatable and succulent. The farmers in certain villages are producing fodder seeds instead of depending on the free supply from government.

Mineral mapping in Sikkim :

Mineral mapping in Sikkim has been completed in the year 2010 in technical collaboration with the West Bengal University of Animal Science and Fisheries. The findings are that almost all animals are suffering from deficiency of micro and micro minerals. The Department has prepared area specific mineral mixture and started feeding to the animals, the result of which is highly encouraging. The area specific mineral feeding programme will be continued till such a period when animals regain their optimum health conditions. The mineral feeding programme will be followed periodically until farmers take over the programme as it is economically most viable.


Sikkim has tremendous scope of Pig Industry. In Sikkim, considerable population consume pork thereby pig sector provides a potent livelihood option to the people of Sikkim .Pig husbandry not only play an important role in improving the socio-economic status of the weaker sections of the communities but also supplements protein requirement .Owing to the food habits of the people in the hills, in villages most of the households rear pigs along with other livestock. To cater to the demand of pork meat and to uplift the rural socioeconomic, State Government formulated various programmes on piggery for the weaker sections/marginal farmers of the state. Accordingly, piglets were distributed to the farmers under schedule caste and schedule tribe sub plan and also in general for their additional income adding to their livelihood. Under livestock self sufficiency mission, high quality piglets were distributed to the farmers. In order to create a good stock of pigs the government distributed high quality breeding boars at different panchayat units to achieve genetic upgradation in piggery sector. Under NMPS(National Mission For Protein Supplement), satellite units of high quality pigs have been established at different places within the farmers premises.

The Department of Animal Husbandry Livestock, Fisheries & Veterinary Services has established six nos. of Piggery demonstration farms at different district namely:-

  • Bop Piggery Farm, Chungthang (North Sikkim) demonstration farm with 30 sow unit established during the year 1987, the breed maintained in this farm is Hampshire, Large White Yorkshire and it produces 300 nos.—350 nos.of piglets per annum.
  • Tingvong demonstration piggery farm (North Sikkim) established in the year 1990.10 Sow unit &the breed maintained is Hampshire. Piglet production is 150 – 200 nos per annum.
  • Gyaba Piggery demonstration Farm Gyalshing (West Sikkim) 30 sow unit and established during the year 1986. In this farm breed maintained is Hampshire . Piglet production is 300 nos. – 400 nos.per annum.
  • Assamlingzey demonstration Piggery farm (East Sikkim) 50 sow unit established during the year 2011 breed maintained is Large White Yorkshire. Piglet production is 400 – 550 nos.per annum.
  • Karfectar Piggery Demonstration Farm (South Sikkim ) 20 sow unit established during the year 1986 breed maintained is Hampshire & Durac. Piglet production is 150 – 200 nos. per annum.
  • Melli Dara Piggery farm , (South District.)50 sow unit established during the year 2013 breed maintained is Large White Yorkshire. Piglet production is 400 – 550 nos. per annum.
  • Most of the piglets produced in the above farms are allocated to the progressive farmers for breeding /fattening.


  • Distribution of 9:1 to the piggery growers of the State and their training outside the state for 1 month (as a Satellite Farm).
  • Establishment of Two Piggery Demonstration Unit with 50 sow unit each at Assamlingzey, East & Mellidara, South District.
  • Distribution of 1:1(female & male) to the 4 districts. The scheme is sanctioned during the village to village 42 days tour of Hon’ble Chief Minister.

The then Honourable minister in charge AHLF&VS department shri Dawcho lepcha and then Honourable MLA of 11-Namchi singithang constituency Shri Binod Rai distributing piglets to the farmers

Department implemented the scheme ‘National Mission for Protein Supplements’ for;

  • Promotion of piggery to augment meat production.
  • Encouraging the unemployed for adopting pig farming for sustainable livelihood and income generation.
  • Ensuring large scale availability of high grade crossbreed piglets through establishment of pig breeding and multiplying units.
  • To produce pork to meet the high demand of bacon, ham, sausages, pork pickles and other local products.
  • Initiation of the objective of the State Government in food security and poverty alleviation.
  • Establishment of pork processing unit.

1. 2011 - 12 National Mission for Protein Supplements Establishment of nucleus units Six government piggery farms were strengthened as Nucleus Units.
2. 2012 - 13 National Mission for Protein Supplements Establishment of satellite units 25 satellite units were established for farmers / self help groups / entrepreneurs. 169 farmers were benefited. Six piglets, including housing, feed and medicines were provided to each Satellite Unit.

  • Increase in pork production in the state.
  • Youth encouraged taking up piggery venture.
  • Farmers demand for good breeds of pigs increased.
  • Availability of protein increased.
  • More than twenty no’s of satellite farms established at villages.
  • Cluster farming system concept introduced.
  • Employment generation due to increase in number of private piggery farms.


In the last 22 years, tremendous progress has been made in the poultry sector in the state of Sikkim. Today, Sikkim has become self sufficient in the broiler meat production. The broiler meat production is more than 400 MT per month and is sufficient to meet the requirements of domestic population as well as tourists and army establishments. For the poultry development, State Government has developed several infrastructural facilities for the poultry sector.

I. Setting up Sikkim Poultry Development Corporation (SPDC)

Sikkim Poultry Development Corporation was set up in the year 1995 for promotion of poultry activities in the state of Sikkim. Today most of the poultry activities of the Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services Department are organized through SPDC.

There are approximately 5000 poultry growers who are taking up poultry activities on a continuous and regular basis and supplying their products to the various markets in Sikkim. Sikkim Poultry Development Corporation has also provided three utility vehicles to sister organization Denzong Agriculture Cooperative Society as a marketing support. These utility vehicles are used for carrying poultry of local farmers to the end customers under the umbrella of Denzong Agriculture Cooperative Society.


II. Setting up of Sikkim Hatcheries Limited

Sikkim Hatchery Ltd. (SHL) is a sister organization of the Sikkim Poultry Development Corporation (SPDC).The concept of integrated poultry development was conceived in the year 1997 which envisaged a Hatchery and patent stock farm for the supply of hatching eggs to the hatchery.

As a consequence of the decision taken by the government of Sikkim, Tokal Bermiok, South Sikkim was selected as the site of the hatchery and the construction work and installation of the machines was initiated in collaboration with M/S Vanketeshwar Hatcheries, Pune.

Sikkim Hatcheries Limited, Bermiok

Over the years SHL has been strengthened to meet the continuous increasing demand of the Day Old Chicks. The total numbers of setters and hatchers in the hatchery building at Bermiok is as under:

  • Year 1998- Two double conventional setters and one Hatcher.
  • Year 2003- Two double conventional setters and one Hatcher.
  • Year 2009- One double super VJ setter and one double Hatcher.
  • Year 2010- One double super VJ setter and one double conventional Hatcher.

As a result installed capacity of Sikkim Hatcheries Limited, Bermiok, is 1,50,000 day old chicks per month.

III. Development of State Poultry Farms

State Government has set up several state poultry farms to act as a training and demonstration unit for the local farmers and unemployed youths. These state poultry farms are having state of the art technology. Five such poultry farms were inaugurated by the Hon’ble Chief Minister, in the year 2009. These poultry farms were set up in the following years.


Name of State Poultry Farm Year of Establishment
1. Chujachen Poultry Farm, East District 2000
2. Karfectar Poultry Farm, South District 2000
3. Kamling Poultry Farm, West District 2005
4. Nandugaon Poultry Farm, South District 2009
5. Bermiok Poultry Farm, South District 2009
6. Gyaba Poultry Farm, West District 2009
7. Rhenock Poultry Farm, East District 2009
8. Chandey Poultry Farm, North District 2009
9. Sirwani Poultry Farm, East District 1 2013


The first three poultry farms are used for keeping the parent stock for the backyard poultry like Kalinga brown, Van raja breed of birds. Other five poultry farms are used for rearing of commercial layer poultry breed like white legion, etc. for egg production. The installed capacity of each poultry farms is 3000 birds and at present 30,00,000 table eggs are being produced per annum. This has really helped state in achieving self sufficiency in the broiler as well as in layer poultry. Sirwani Poultry farm are being be used for production of hatching eggs for Sikkim Hatcheries Limited, Bermiok.

Cage type layer poultry at Nandugaon, South Sikkim

IV. Rural backyard Poultry Scheme

Under this poultry scheme, a large number of BPL families are provided 45 nos. of low input technology month old birds in two installments. Besides, each family is also provided Rs. 750 for night shelter. These low input technology birds of breeds like Van Raja, RIR, Kalinga Brown, etc. survive even in the household backyard and provide very good source of nutrition for the children of rural poor and also provides some source of income at the time of requirement. In the last two years, approximately 3000 BPL families are covered resulting in increase in level of nutrition and source of income for these families.

V. Other Initiatives

  • State Government is providing credit cum subsidy scheme to the educated unemployed youth to take up large scale commercial poultry activities. Under this scheme, 15% subsidy is provided to the youths on the project cost and they are also provided one month training inside the state as well as outside the state. This has resulted in large number of youths taking up poultry activities.
  • Sikkim is first state in the country to set up a Poultry Estate at Mangalbaria, West Sikkim with the assistance from Department of Animal Husbandry, Government of India. At this Poultry Estate, 50 nos. of farmers are be provided infrastructural facilities at one place so that each can rear 2000 poultry birds at one place. They are also provided backward and forward linkages. This Poultry Estate was sanctioned in January 2010.
  • The State Government is setting up a modern state of the art poultry processing unit at Mellidara in South, Sikkim at a total cost of Rs.353.00 lakhs for providing marketing assistance to the local farmers.

With the conscientious effort of the State Government, in the last five years, there has been drastic increase in the poultry production in the state as under:-

Total Production (Poultry, Egg & Broiler)
Year Local Poultry Boiler
2005 - 06 60 MT 400 MT
2006 - 07 120 MT 500 MT
2007 - 08 110 MT 500 MT
2008 - 09 100 MT 400 MT
2009 - 10 120 MT 800 MT
2010 - 11 125 MT 2000 MT
2011 - 12 126 MT 2200 MT
2012 - 13 140 MT 2500 MT
2013 - 14 180 MT 2750 MT
2014 - 15 200 MT 3000 MT
2015 - 16 218.5 MT 3300 MT


As evident from the above data, the state has already become surplus in broiler meat production. Similarly, the egg production in the state and per capita availability of eggs is continuously on the rise.

VI. Poultry Mission 2009-2012

On the occasion of 15th Aug’ 2009, a landmark initiative was taken by Government of Sikkim when Hon’ble Chief Minister launched Poultry Mission in the state of Sikkim for the year 2009-2012. Sikkim state is self sufficient in broiler meat production at the present consumption level, but Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services intends to achieve consumption level of poultry meat and table eggs at par with the other states so as to give best nutrition to the citizens. Further, meat consumption level is also to be increased from the existing to 18 kgs per capita and 43 table eggs per capita per annum. Sikkim can also go in for availing export potential of poultry products outside the state. Hence, present level of poultry meat production of 3300MT could be increased to 4000MT per year. To achieve the instant targets, following strategies are being adopted under Poultry Mission .

  • Strengthen the Bermiok hatcheries for ensuring uninterrupted supply of day old Broiler chicks to poultry growers without fail. The proposal in this regards has already been forwarded to the Government for revival of the Sikkim Hatchery Limited . Various measures have been initiated in consultation with the Power and Energy Department and Venkys group of Hatcheries.
  • Ensuring competitiveness and for encouragement to beginners by providing day old broiler chicks through Poultry Growers Association, Mamring, South Sikkim.

    Hon’ble Chief Minister, launching Poultry Mission 2009-2012 on the occasion of Independence Day, 2009
  • Forming Poultry Co-operatives of small marginal growers to ensure economy. By the year 2016 atleast 200 such co-operatives societies will be formed.
  • Young entrepreneurs and educated unemployed youths will be assisted in taking up poultry in large commercial scale by providing them guidance in preparation of bankable projects and ensure supply of cheapest credit. Effort is on to set up atleast 100 such farms by the year 2016 with capacity of 1000 birds or more.
  • Extension and Training programs will be conducted in a exhaustive manner for all the growers.
  • To reduce the dependence on the other states for the broiler hatching eggs for hatcheries at Bermiok and Sirwani will be strengthened for parent stock.
  • The Department would tie up farmers with feed producers and vaccines/ medicines manufacturers through SIMFED to ensure availability of feed and medicines at reasonably cheaper price for the farmers.
  • State Poultry farms at Gyaba (Geyzing), Nandugaon, Bermiok, Sirwani, Rhenock and Chandey are functioning very well to meet the demand of table eggs in the districts.


The population of goat has considerably increased in the State. The market for Chevon in Sikkim is tremendous. Farmers rear goats and some farmers have taken up goat farming in a big way. From time immemorial, Sikkim Peasants have always been rearing animals for extra income. Goat and sheep together constitute around 38 percent of the State Livestock population. Over 65 percent of the State rural households are rearing goat for their supplementary income and nutritional security. Livestock, Goat in particular, are among the most indispensible and readily liquidated asset owned by the poor, can easily be sold off for urgent cash need, like; health cost, child education needs. Realizing significance of small ruminant in rural economy and to give impetus on goat production, Department have promoted goat rearing in the State by inducting high quality superior male goat at farmers level to bring improvement on meat production efficiency of local goat through cross breeding. The prevailing goat production system is all set to be changed in coming years due to emerging market trend on account of strong consumers preference of animal foods. State local goat, popularly known as “Shingharey” is widely reared by farmers, this goat is a medium sized, distinct from Black Bengal Goat and other graded variety, in respect of their coat colour and facial stripes. The average body weight of an adult male ranges between 25-30 kgs. Goat is hardy, can thrive in varied agro climatic condition and even can withstand harsh environmental condition. Considering the animals adaptability to different environment and strong preference of farmer, Department have set up five (5) goat farms to carry out a selective breeding of Shingharey goat for bringing productive performance on meat type. Goats are being maintained under grazing system providing all natural environment of the organic farming system. . The growth performance of farms are given in table below.

Parent stock inducted at the time of opening of Farm during the Year 2013-14
Sl No. Name of the farm District No. of Goat Total
Male Female
1. Mangalbarey Goat Farm West 3 41 44
2. Rorathang Goat Farm East 2 20 22
3. Assam Lingzey Goat Farm East 2 5 7
4. Rateypani Goat Farm South 2 20 22
5. Tingvong Farm North 2 10 12
  Grand Total : 107

Housing :

Low cost goat sheds are constructed using locally available materials, which can withstand extreme climate and do not require maintenance, Structure and design of goat shed are constructed as per climatic condition of the area. Holding capacity of farm is 40-50 nos. goats.


Progress Report of Goat Farm for the Year 2014-15
Name of the Farm Parents Stock Kid Born Total Flock
Male Female
Mangalbarey Goat Farm 44 8   52
Rorathang Goat Farm 22 7 3 32
Assam Lingzey 7 2 9 18
Rateypani Goat Farm 22 2   22
Tingvong 12     12
  107     136

The result of initial stage breeding performance depicts that there has been population growth of flock by 27percent in farm. As opening balance of the flock was 107 and closing balance at the end of the year is 136. The sign of oestrus were not exhibited by all does at a time, hence, no attempt was made to synchronies heat, as due care was paid on natural breeding.


Progress Report of Goat Farm for the Year 2015-16
Name of Farm Parent Stock Kid Born Total Flock
Male Female
Rorathang Farm 32 9 7 48
Assam Lingzey Farm 7 2 9 18
Tingvong Farm 12 4 2 18
Mangalbarey Farm 52 (-2) (-2) 48
Rateypani Farm 22     22
  125   154

Reproduction performance of Rorathang Farm, Assam Lingzey and Tingvong Farm have shown significant improvement. Kidding percentage was 50 percent under free grazing condition. However, Mangalbarey Goat Farm breeding efficiency lowered, mortality percentage of kid was 68%. Similarly, Rateypani Farm had encountered natural disaster. (The very farm was ravaged by strong wind storm that occurred in South District, killing pregnant does and kids, which forced the goat to be sheltered in open space impacted the reproductive performance of surviving stocks). Now, the farm is slowly rising up to the expectation of the department.

Culling and Disposal:

Some of goat were culled on health ground and sold off and excessing kid are sold at the price fixed by the department. The sale of farms deposited in relevant Account Head. Sometime sale proceed are utilized for purchase of farm immediate need.

Accomplishment :

Charactarization of Sikkim Local Shingharey has been successfully conducted in collaboration with ICAR. National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resource Karnal (NBGR).

A new germ-plasm Sikkim Black Goat has been explored under the technical collaboration of NBGR, ICAR, Karnal, Haryana. Breed Registration of Shingharey Goat is under consideration of National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resource.

Goat Development Programme:

In order to become less dependent State on import of livestock products, Goverment has launched a “ Livestock Self Sufficiency Mission 2015”. To achieve target, department distributed free goats to small farmers, landless labours to help them to enhance their income. Even unemployed educated youth, were encouraged to take up goat farming to become self employed. Goats were distributed at the ratio of 1 male – 2 female, of breedable age of 8-12 months. Logistic supports were provided to the beneficiaries.

The details of goat distribution carried by the Department:
District Financial Farm No of Constituency covered No of Benificiary No of Goat Distributed Goat Distributed per Benificiary


Total   14 241 923  


Total   11 198 704


Total   13 321 1193  




5 80 320
Grand Total   43 840 3140

Angora Rabbit Development Programme

The Department of AH &VS introduced 90 Angora rabbits as a parent stock from North Temperate Regional Station of the Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute Gharsa (Kulu) in Himachal Pradesh at Angora Rabbit Breeding Centre at Rabum (North Sikkim) in the year 1997.

Angora Rabbit Breeding Farm located at Rabum, North Sikkim has been established as a nucleus farm with an objective for further multiplication of Angora Rabbits and to popularize this venture for the production of Angora Wool and its products in the State of Sikkim for creating supplementary source of income to the farmers particularly women folk residing in high altitude areas beside other Livestock Husbandry. Moreover, with the establishment of this Angora Rabbit Farm now, it has been observed that the farmers specially women folk has been motivated and formed a Angora Rabbit Growers SHGs and gradually started to adopt this venture in their household premises for the production of angora rabbit wool and its products which are being sold to the visiting tourist at a premium price as a supplementary source of income. Furthermore, this farm has also been certified for production of quality breeding stock by the visiting team comprising of representatives and scientist from Central Wool Development Board, Ministry of Textile, GoI, Central Sheep Wool and Research Institute(CSWRI), Garsha, Kullu, HP, ICAR, GoI and Department of Vety. & AH Services, Govt. of Manipur during the month of February 2014.Accordingly based on the certification, the Department of AH,LF&VS and progressive farmers supplied 300 nos. of Angora Rabbits to the Govt. of Manipur during 2014-15 for establishment of Angora Germplasm Farm under the aegis of Angora Wool Development Board, Ministry of Textile,GoI. The Department of AH,LF&VS, GoS, has therefore, become a pioneer in supplying Angora Rabbit in the North Eastern States.

Angora Rabbit Farm at Rabum, North Sikkim


Newly constructed Rabbit Shed at Angora Farm, Rabum, North Sikkim


Angora Rabbits being reared in newly constructed shed


Angora Rabbits                             New born Angora Rabbits Kits             Angora Rabbit Kits


Shearing of Angora Wool        Yarn making by the locals                Pure Angors Yarn                   Mixed yarn


Locally made products from Angora Wool (Mufflers, knee caps, caps)


Government of Sikkim under the dynamic leadership of Hon’ble Chief Minister, Shri Pawan Chamling has also been successful to accord sanction for establishment of multispecies modern abattoirs at Majhitar, East Sikkim, Gyaba, Gyalshing, West Sikkim and modern poultry abattoir at Melli South Sikkim to ensure that the people of Sikkim are provided hygienic meat.

3. 2013 – 14 Modernization of Abattoirs Establishment of modern abattoir at Majitar, East Sikkim Government of India has approved and sanctioned project. Government of Sikkim has provided State share for the initiation of the project.
4. 2014 – 15 Modernization of Abattoirs Establishment of modern abattoir at Geyzing, West Sikkim -do-
5. 2014 – 15 Modernization of Abattoirs Establishment of modern poultry abattoir at Melli, South Sikkim -do-


  • In pursuance of the order of the Hon’ble Supreme court of India in Writ Petition No. (C) 309 of 2003 in the matter of Laxmi Narain Modi Versus Union of India and others, the State Government notified the guidelines for transportation of animals and slaughter houses vide Notification no. – 16/AH & VS (Adm.) dated – 14.02.2014.
  • The temporary slaughter houses in different locations of the State (Rhenock, Rongli, Pakyong, Ravongla, Namthang, Soreng and Naya Bazar) have been closed vide Notification no. – 25/AHVS (Adm.) dated – 26.08.2014 and Notification no. – 35/AHVS (Adm.) dated – 02.04.2016.

The above Notifications have been issued and implemented by the Government of Sikkim to ensure implementation of the provisions of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Establishment and Registration of Societies for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) Rules, 2000, the Environment Protection Act, 1986, the Solid wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000 and the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Slaughter House) Rules, 2000.